6kW & 6.6kW Solar Systems: Costs, Output, and Returns
6kW or now more commonly seen 6.6kW solar systems are becoming increasingly popular amongst Australian homes thanks to a number of factors, including their affordability, ample size & ease of approval when it comes to connecting to the grid. This article provides an overview of (almost) everything you need to know if you’re considering a 6kW solar system for your household, including pricing, energy yields and their attractiveness as an investment.
How many panels in a 6kW solar system? How much area required?
A modern-day 6kW solar system using 330 watt (W) to 400W modules will consist of about 15-19 solar panels. This number has reduced a lot over the last decade.
Each panel generally measures out to 1.7m2, so the roof area required for a 6kW system will be about 30-36m2 – or possibly more depending on how your roof is laid out and whether you require tilt frames (which need to be spaced out more than panels mounted flush on the roof).
n important note about inverters for 6kW/6.6kW solar systems
re 6.6kW systems the new 5kW system?
Although your system may have 6.6kW worth of solar panels, don’t be surprised if the proposed inverter for your system is only 5kW. 5kW solar systems are also incredibly popular in Australia for a number of reasons (including the fact that that size is pre-approved for grid connection on basically every network in the country), which means that 5kW inverters are much more common to come across than 6kW ones. Many of the 6.6kW solar systems on the market are therefore ‘overclocked‘ systems with a 5kW inverter. This is perfectly legitimate within Clean Energy Council guidelines, with benefits such as greater solar energy yields in early morning and late afternoon – even if ‘peak’ production is clipped back to 5kW during the middle of the day.
How much does a 6.6kW solar system cost?
Solar Choice has been keeping track of residential solar system prices since August 2012 with our monthly Solar PV Price Index. Based on this data we can advise that the average 6.6kW solar system will cost around $0.94 per watt or $5,660 after the federal STC rebate has been deducted.
The price of solar systems do, however, vary widely in the market. A more cost-competitive 6kW solar PV systems consisting of cheaper, low-end products will cost less, while premium offerings will generally be pricier.
The below graph shows the price history of the last couple of years. You can see the pricing has remained relatively flat however there are some differences depending on your location in Australia.
Average 6.6kW solar system prices (per watt of solar panel capacity) in each Australian capital city, from August 2012 to the end of 2021.
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How much energy will a 6kW solar system produce?
Depending on a number of factors, the actual power output of a 6kW solar power system will vary. These variables include:
Location and local climateOrientation and tilt angle of the solar panel arrayWhether there is any shade cast on the panelsThe performance of the individual components (primarily the panels and inverter)
Location is one of the main determinants of solar system energy yields, as the amount of sunshine falling on a solar system’s solar panels directly affects the system’s output. The table below provides rough approximations for how much energy a 6kW solar system will produce, based on Bureau of Metorology and PVWatts data.
Please note that these figures are indicative only and that we have endeavored to be conservative in our estimates, using a system efficiency rate of 75%. Also note that these figures are annual averages – in reality, energy yields will be higher in the summer and lower in the winter.
North Facing 6kW Solar System
(Add 10% for 6.6kW system)Capital CityApprox Solar Energy Production* (per year)Adelaide22-24 kWhBrisbane23-24 kWhCanberra22-25 kWhDarwin27 kWhHobart17-20 kWhMelbourne19-22 kWhPerth24-26 kWhSydney20-23 kWh
* Estimates generated using Burea of Meterology historical weather data and PVsyst software
Batteries with a 6kW solar system?
More and more households have battery storage in mind when they purchase a solar system. The smallest size we generally recommend you install if you’re considering batteries either now or in the future is 5kW; a system of this size will generally provide plenty of surplus energy for storing. At slightly larger than 5kW, 6kW systems would also be a good size for batteries.
Is solar battery storage worth it?
How long is the payback period on a 6kW solar system?
The benchmark by which most solar shoppers measure their panel’s performance is the payback period – the number of years that the system will take to ‘pay for itself in energy bill savings & feed-in tariff credits.
The table below shows indicative payback periods, ‘internal rate of return’ (IRR) and annual savings in the first year for 6kW solar systems in a handful of Australian capital cities based on average prices as of April 2019. (Note that these are outputs from our Solar System Payback & ROI Estimator tool – which we encourage you to explore with your own numbers.)
Keep in mind that returns may be better for systems whose price points are lower, or if you achieve a higher level of solar self-consumption. But also be mindful that you’ll want to be selective about the products and companies that you consider – some deals are too good to be true.
Indicative payback periods for 6kW solar systems 6kW System CostElectricity PriceFeed in RateSelf Consumption RateIRRAnnual SavingsPayback Period (Years)Sydney$5,17025c5c30%19%$9775.260%32%$1,5933.2Brisbane$5,17018c5c30%15%$8176.260%24%$1,2234.1Melbourne$4,98027.5c6c30%22%$1,0644.660%36%$1,7282.9Perth$4,38028.8c7c30%30%$1,2723.460%46%$1,9482.2Adelaide$4,94031c7c30%26%$1,2823.860%42%$2,0242.4Hobart$6,71027c8.5c30%16%$1,1015.960%26%$1,6843.9Canberra$4,96020c7c30%19%$9465.160%28%$1,3593.6Darwin$8,97026c8c30%14%$1,3216.660%22%$1,8874.6
Average daily energy use = 25 kWh6kW System cost is the average price from Solar Choice’s price index for a fully installed turnkey systemExcludes state-based solar grants / rebates (e.g. Solar Victoria rebate)Calculate your own solar payback period using Solar Choice’s free payback calculator.
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